The practice of hand reading is one of the oldest forms of a divination procedure, practices in one form or another in many many ancient cultures taking its own style and shape in each culture. There have been numerous findings of hands painted in ancient caves, which indicate that the human hand has held an interest for humans since the Stone Age. The ancient caves in Santander, Spain display hand drawings of palms with the major lines portrayed in amazing detail.
Julius Caesar used to judge his men by reading their hands.
ARRIVAL AT EUROPE
Even though India and Egypt have both been credited as the seat of palmistry, speculation has honored India as the actual cradle for Western Palmistry. Indian hand reading had already spread to China and Japan where it was refined. Palmistry arrived in Europe in 12th Century by Arabic traders, who picked it up on their travels and took it to Europe. Then Palmistry was practiced in India, China, Egypt, Arab and ancient Greece, taking it's own shape and style in each country.
The most famous doctor in the Roman Empire was a Greek, named Galen. He was one of the first to analyze how human body works. He was also educated about the use of palmistry as a clinical aid.
Michael Scotts wrote the first book on Palmistry in 1477 on the physiognomy of the human body with a chapter on all the aspects of the human hand.
The practice of palmistry was unfortunately banned in Europe by the Catholic Church, which branded it by declaring devil worshiping. Anyone found to have an interest was quickly murdered.
& FLUDD (1574-1637)
As the church started to lose its influence in society common sense prevailed. Notable people such as Paracelsus and Fludd brought respectability to palmistry through their writings.
In the seventeenth century many books were written on Palmistry that included the collected early gypsy ideas about the hand that had been handed down through verbal tradition. Among the many references to palmistry is a page from Captain George Warton's translation of Joannes Rothmann's Chiromantiae in 1651.
COMTE C. DE SAINT
French mystic, the
Comte C. De Saint Germain, (not to be confused with the fraud “Jon
Saint-Germain” who wrote a book in the nineteenth century entitled
"Practical Palmistry") contributed importantly towards palmistry by
writing a famous book "The study
of Palmistry for professional purposes and advanced purposes".
DR. CARL GUSTAV CARUS
One other famous French Palmist of nineteenth century was Captain Casimir Stanislas D'Arpentigny who was the first person to formulate a system of hand shape classification. The previous focus had been with the lines of the palm only, but not with the form of the hand in which those lines were to be found. No doubt that D'Arpentigny refreshed and revived the old form of chiromancy and rehabilitated it as a science.
ADRIEN ADOLPHE DESBAROLLES (1801-1886)
Father of modern Palmistry
One of the most famous Palmist of all times
Many of his
Palmistry, Astrology & Numerology books are still in print in English and other languages, and are easily
available from major international chains.
Noel Jaquin was one of the most important pioneers in the development of chirological diagnosis in 20th century. Although he is most important as a pioneer within the fields of health analysis and sexual and emotional evaluation from the hand, he has contributed something to all aspects of the chirological art. His work is as a broad canvas with a lightly sketched image, outlining the breadth of scope of the diagnostic potential of the hand.
A New York doctor Palmist who wrote famous book on Palmistry "The Law Of Scientific Hand Reading"
DR. CHARLOTTE WOLFF
Dr. Charlotte was a qualified physician and a psychoanalyst, who stands among the very few scientifically trained people ever to have seriously investigated the diagnostic significance of the hand. She was the modern author of Palmistry who conducted complete studies on the hands of the mentally retarded, mentally diseased and homosexual people. She managed to examined more than 90, 000 hands during her long career and stands as one of the very few people, who accomplished a extensive experimental research on the pattern of the hands, which gave Palmistry a definite scientific foundation.